Law is the set of enforced rules under which a society is governed. Law is one of the most basic social institutions-and one of the most necessary. No society could exist if all people did just as they pleased, without regard for the rights of others. Nor could a society exist if its members did not recognize that they also have certain obligations towards toward one another. The Law thus establishes the rules that define a person’s rights and obligations. The law also sets penalties for people who violate these rules, and it states how government shall enforce the rules and penalties.
In most societies, various government bodies, especially police agencies and courts, see that laws are obeyed. Because a person can be penalized for disobeying the Law, most people agree that laws should be just. Justice is a moral standard that applies to all human conduct. The laws enforced by government have usually had a strong moral element, and so justice has generally been one of the Law’s guiding principles. But governments can, and sometimes do, enforce laws that many people believe to be unjust. If this belief becomes widespread, people may lose respect for the Law itself provides ways to amend or abolish unjust laws.
The courses offered in Law are:
- Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)
- Master of Laws (LL.M.)
- Integrated Program in Bachelor of Laws (BA LL.B.)
- Master of Civil Law (MCL)
- Doctorate in law (Ph.D. degree)
LL.B. course id of three years duration while LL.M. and MCL are of two years duration. BA LLB is of five years duration, taken after 10+2.
These types of courses are available with most of the universities. In both the cases (BA LL.B and LL.B) the students have to appear for an entrance test and personal interview. People interested in higher degree and specialization can further pursue Master of Law (LL.M), Master of Civil Law (MCL) or a Ph.D. degree, DCL, etc. Some institutes also offer one-year postgraduate diploma course n various areas of Law. Those who are nor interested in practicing in a court of law but at the same time are curious to know about the various facets, can go for two-year correspondence course for Bachelor of General Law (BGL) or Bachelor of Academic Law (BAL) after graduation.
Of the specializations, a criminal lawyer is concerned with matters like loot, arson, rape, murder, etc. A civil lawyer on the other hand is concerned with the right of an individual and also draws up wills, executes lease deeds, and appears before the court in mortgage cases. In certain situations, they also act as custodian or the trustee or an estate. In addition to the two most popular areas-civil and criminal, lawyers also provide a gamut of services in the fields of business and company law, taxation, constitutional law, real estate, labour, family laws, patents, excise, consumer and environment laws. With the advent of the MNCs due to globalisation and mergers and acquisitions becoming the norms of the day, disciplines like corporate law, international trade, arbitration and investment and intellectual property rights have become quite popular. Increasing use of internet and e-commerce replacing conventional business has made the information technology highly lucrative and an emerging field for lawyers
Further, most companies employing company secretaries prefer law graduates. This combination may take one to the highest rungs of business organizations. For those with a d